30 Years of Urban Expansion: The Evolving Landscape of Islamabad, Pakistan

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The city of Islamabad has experienced rapid expansion, leading to the conversion of croplands, grasslands, and forests into urban structures. This urbanization has significant environmental consequences, including increased temperatures, air pollution, and water stress. As the population continues to surge, the city faces the challenge of balancing economic growth with sustainable and resilient urban development. It is crucial for policymakers and urban planners to prioritize sustainable agricultural practices, resilient urban development, clean energy initiatives, and climate adaptation strategies to address the environmental and climate challenges associated with rapid urbanization. Additionally, the use of modern technology, such as remote sensing and GIS, can help monitor urban expansion and assess its impact on natural resources.

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